Nasal irrigation with saline water solution is indispensable purifying procedure.
JALA NETI is classical purifying procedure (ṣaṭkarman) in yogic practice, especially for people with prevailing or misbalanced Kapha (one of doshas or constituents according to Ayurveda).
Kapha is literary translated as mucus, and it is a distinctive aspect, though not the only characteristic, of this dosha. Kapha naturally becomes active and accrues in nature and in human body within autumn and winter period. And further the excess mucus in our organisms becomes a breeding ground for different malignant bacteria and viruses.
Amount of mucus may be and should be regulated by nutrition, but some other time hereof. I'd rather refer to one product only, just in case, as my experience demonstrates that not all people are aware. Milk is mucigenous product. Exclude it from your diet in case of running nose and loose cough.
I`ll mention briefly that benefits and effects of Jala Neti procedure are vast. In Ayuverdic literature, description of ṣaṭkarman in Hatha Yoga it's written about improvement of sight and sense of smell, influence on clarity of mind and intuition, besides, due to its "cooling effect" Jala Neti aids in such emotional disorders as wrath, anxiety, hysteria etc. In order to achieve the effects indicated it's necessary to practice this ṣaṭkarman for rather long time and to use amount of water indicated in the sources (approx. 1 liter per a procedure).
Within this short article I'll settle upon application of Jala Neti exclusively as a form of preventive hygienic procedure and excellent remedy for running nose.
Why Neti pot (pot for nose irrigation, sold in any yoga store), but not Humer of Aqua Maris, for example? In my opinion, irrigation through a nebulizer is not enough, everything to be washed out isn't and water doesn't run free.
You need suitable Neti pot. Mine is from plastic, volume 150 ml (refer to picture). Ceramic and metal pots are beautiful, of course, but not convenient, as for me. If you can't find the Neti pot, usual long-nose teapot from a tea set will do.
Add salt (marine better) into warm (approx. body temperature) water, based on 1 teaspoon of salt per 0.5 l, I do it "by eye" and taste. Taste it, because all have different sensibility! Mucous membrane shouldn't burn at water penetration into nose.
Bend your head aside over a washing basin, put the pot nose into upper nostril, water flows out of the lower one. Wash out one side, then the other one. Keep your mouth open, to avoid water penetration into the inner ear. At the end blow off both nostrils well.
Upon the procedure it's necessary to dry nose and make sure that all water from nasal passages and sinuses has run out. You may bend your body, stay in downward facing dog pose. In winter especially it's recommended to do the procedure at least 1 hour before leaving home.
For the purposes of prevention in autumn and winter period Jala Neti is done in the morning and in the evening with light-salted (isotonic) solution, and in case of running nose, 3-5 times a day with more salty solution (hypertonic), helping to reduce swelling and cope with mucous excretion more effectively.
And the last advice, not from a yogi, but from a human, who has been dealing at least for 20 years with nose issues. Don't neglect preventive measures! If you don't irrigate your nose regularly, there is no need, etc., start irrigation as soon as you feel there is more mucous in your nose, even if you are not ill yet. At this stage Jala Neti is the most effective. When there is already a strong swelling, you'll need a pharmaceutical assistance, and only then include irrigation. Don't blow off by force! Take care of your sinuses and ears!